It is the art of portraying on paper, canvas, on a wall or other surface some real or imagined figures that meet the artist’s vision. The most common drawing tools are: pencils, charcoal crayons, spindles, sanguine, pens, crayons, coloured chalks or brushes soaked in ink or paint. Drawings can come in the form of simple black-white outlines or just one stroke. Drawings are not limited to black-white, but also include other methods, for instance the so-called “drawer’s watercolour” which consists in filling in a drawing and make it lively and interesting with a monochrome paint job using pale watercolours.

Criss-cross drawing. This technique mainly uses pens. The stroke is made of criss-crossing lines to highlight light and shade effects.

Analytic drawing. It is a very accurate type of drawing to make tiny details stand out.

Plastic drawing. In this case, the stroke is lively, to give more prominence to the shape and bright-dark.

Cadenced drawing. Cadenced drawing is lively, with a light or heavy pattern, so as to follow the musical cadence of the shape.



Painting techniques

Watercolour. It is a water-based type of painting on white or very pale paper or duly treated surfaces, using coloured pigments mixed with solutions. Watercolour is a transparent painting, applied in thin, watery layers that make the painting airy and delicate.

Tempera painting. It is type of painting that uses different adhesive media, such as vegetal glue, rubber, milk, casein, egg albumen, fig milk, blood serum. This technique distinguishes itself for the velvety mat finish of its colours and the special brightness of its shades. Tempera paintings can be made on canvas, walls, wood or paper.

Oil painting. This technique stands out for its great durability, for the hard-wearing brightness of its shades, and for the many possibilities it offers to painters. This type of paint is based on oil emulsions, such as linseed oil, walnut oil, mixed with coloured pigments.

Gouache. It is a rubber tempera painting, where a lot of white is used for the nuances of the shades and colours. Coloured dust is mixed with thin solutions of water-diluted gum arabic or jelly glue. With gouache painting, one can immediately see that the shades tend to tone down; they tend to fade as they dry up. It can be made on canvas or paper.

Acrylic painting. The paints are based on solutions of coloured pigments and synthetic resins; they are used pure or diluted in water or in their own thinners. Once completed, acrylic paintings resist to any washing and cling perfectly to their own backing, whether it is canvas, wood, paper, metal or other. These paints have been recently invented and are now used to paint anything, for instance advertisements, sketches, stage sets, paintings, furniture.